The principle of a circular economy originated as a countermovement against the traditional linear economy. In a linear economy, there would be a “take-make-dispose”-mentality. The issue with a linear economy is that it assumes that there is a continuous inflow of raw materials.
A circular economy, however, is an economic system with closed loops. This means that products and (raw) materials are reused, shared, repaired, remanufactured and recycled continuously. The aim is to eliminate waste and minimise the use of resource inputs. Using renewable energy and minimising pollution are also a part of circularity.