Facade cladding and fire safety: much has been written or told about this combination. When combustible materials are used for façade cladding or when materials are applied in the wrong way, there can be increased risks regarding fire safety.
But luckily, when you make the right choices, facade cladding can be a completely safe option. Knowing the facts will help you make the right decisions.
The risks of using combustible materials in facade cladding
If combustible materials are used in either the facade cladding or insulation, the impact can be very serious when a fire occurs in a high-rise or high-risk building. Combustible materials can add to the spread of smoke during a fire and increase the risk of spreading to another floor or room. Thus, the fire can spread and escape routes become impassable, trapping inhabitants in the building.
In addition to this, all combustible materials produce some amount of toxic smoke when they burn. The exact amount depends on the material, the amount of oxygen available and how long it burns. In sufficiently high concentrations over a long enough time, toxic smoke creates hazardous health conditions for people exposed to it. The inhalation of toxic smoke therefore causes more fire-related deaths than fires themselves.